encyclopedia

Common Bean

Crop name CZ (Latin)  Fazol obecný (Phaseolus vulgaris)
Scientific classification
Kingdom CZ (Latin) Rostliny (Plantae)
Clade CZ (Latin) Cévnaté rostliny (Tracheobionta)
Division CZ (Latin) Krytosemenné (Magnoliophyta)
Class CZ (Latin) Vyšší dvouděložné (Rosopsida)
Code CZ (Latin) Bobotvaré (Fabales)
Family CZ (Latin) Bobovité (Fabaceae)
Genus CZ (Latin) Fazol (Phaseolus)
Order CZ (Latin) Fazol obecný (Phaseolus vulgaris)
Area of origin South America
Biological characteristics 
Plant size [cm] 30 – 200
Grain length [mm] ] 10 – 15
Grain width [mm] 5 – 18
Number of seeds in pod [pcs] 4 – 6
Chemical characteristics 
Water [%] 11,5
Carbohydrates without fiber [%] 55 – 57
Proteins [%] 22 – 29
Fiber [%] 4 – 5
Fats [%] 1 – 1,5
Ash [%] 3,5 – 4
Starch [%] 35 – 37
Yield characteristics and post-harvest processing 
Humidity for harvest [%] 18 – 20
Storage humidity [%] 15 – 16
Bulk density (at storage humidity) [kg/m3] 780 – 870
Weight of a thousand seeds [g/1000 seeds] 100 – 400
Sowing rate [kg/ha] or sowing unit (number of seeds/ha) 350 000 – 600 000 seeds/ha
Interesting facts 
Usable parts of the crop Dry seeds
Use of the crop Food, Feed