encyclopedia

Pea

Crop name CZ (Latin)  Hrách setý (Pisum sativum)
Scientific classification
Kingdom CZ (Latin) Rostliny (Plantae)
Clade CZ (Latin) Cévnaté rostliny (Tracheobionta)
Division CZ (Latin) Krytosemenné (Magnoliophyta)
Class CZ (Latin) Vyšší dvouděložné (Rosopsida)
Code CZ (Latin) Bobotvaré (Fabales)
Family CZ (Latin) Bobovité (Fabaceae)
Genus CZ (Latin) Hrách (Pisum)
Order CZ (Latin) Hrách setý (Pisum sativum)
Area of origin Mediterranean area
Biological characteristics 
Plant size [cm] 80 – 200
Grain length [mm] 40 – 90
Grain width [mm] 11 – 80
Number of seeds in pod [pcs] 4 – 10
Chemical characteristics 
Water [%] 13 – 14
Carbohydrates without fiber [%] 45 – 55
Proteins [%] 20 – 28
Fiber [%] 5 – 7
Fats [%] 1,5 – 3
Ash [%] 2,5 – 3,5
Starch [%] 30 – 50
Yield characteristics and post-harvest processing 
Humidity for harvest [%] 15 – 21
Storage humidity [%] 15 – 16
Bulk density (at storage humidity) [kg/m3] 700 – 800
Weight of a thousand seeds [g/1000 seeds] 200 – 320
Yield (hectare) [t/ha] 3 – 6
Sowing rate [kg/ha] or sowing unit (number of seeds/ha) 0,9 – 1,1 m/ha
Interesting facts 
Usable parts of the crop Dry seeds, Green plants
Use of the crop Food, Feed, Fodder