encyclopedia

Field Peas

Crop name CZ (Latin) Hrách rolní – peluška (Pisum sativum var. Arvense)
Scientific classification
Kingdom CZ (Latin) Rostliny (Plantae)
Clade CZ (Latin) Cévnaté rostliny (Tracheobionta)
Division CZ (Latin) Krytosemenné (Magnoliophyta)
Class CZ (Latin) Vyšší dvouděložné (Rosopsida)
Code CZ (Latin) Bobotvaré (Fabales)
Family CZ (Latin) Bobovité (Fabaceae)
Genus CZ (Latin) Hrách (Pisum)
Order CZ (Latin) Hrách rolní – peluška (Pisum sativum var. Arvensem)
Area of origin Europe
Biological characteristics 
Plant size [cm] 80 – 200
Number of seeds in pod [pcs] 5 – 10
Chemical characteristics 
Water [%] 13 – 14
Carbohydrates without fiber [%] 45 – 55
Proteins [%] 20 – 25
Fiber [%] 5 – 7
Fats [%] 1 – 2,5
Ash [%] 2,5 – 3
Starch [%] 30 – 50
Yield characteristics and post-harvest processing 
Humidity for harvest [%] 13 – 15
Storage humidity [%] 15 – 16
Bulk density (at storage humidity) [kg/m3] 700 – 800
Weight of a thousand seeds [g/1000 seeds] 150 – 250
Yield (hectare) [t/ha] 2 – 4
Sowing rate [kg/ha] or sowing unit (number of seeds/ha) 120 – 180 kg/ha
Interesting facts 
Usable parts of the crop Green plants
Use of the crop Fodder, Feed